Nimrod: Emblematically Evil or Archetypally Good?

My reading of Sumerian King Nimrod, “the rebel,” and sometimes “the hunter,” (also Nebrod, Amraphael, Zoroaster [Homilies 9.4-6], Ninus [Recognitions 4.29], Nebuchadnezzar, Cyrus, Belus, and even sometimes Pharaoh!), son of Cush (or Mash; or Canaan; or Kam – depending upon scholarship), who fathered a daughter, Azurad, consort/wife to Eber (“Heber” in the New Testament),1 is sympathetic to that of Ephrem the Syrian’s (ca. 306 – 373), who suggested that Nimrod was neither tyrant nor the architect of the Tower of Babel,2 but rebellious in his renunciation of the enterprise, for which, by God, he was rewarded his Assyrian empire.

Only in the sixteenth century do sources begin to claim that Nimrod fathered a son, Mardon. Hungarian legends (Fehér Szarvas) depict Nimrod as a giant, with two sons, Hunor and Magyar, both hunters. Another alleged child is the slave, Eliezer (servant to Abraham; possibly officiated at the wedding of Isaac and Rebecca).

Convolution: The Bible does not attest to an interaction between Abraham and Nimrod, but the Talmud does. Hungarian legends describe a marriage to Enéh, and in rabbinical writings, a marriage to Simiramis. Sometimes Nimrod is an idolater and sometimes he fully accepts “God,” although rejected…

The tales of Nimrod are further complicated by his contentious relationship with Abraham, whose own story is conflated with the life of Moses, Shadrach, Meshach, and others; and his birth is often in rabbinical writings peppered with portents identical to the birth of the Christ, all witnessed by none other than … Nimrod.

Very often Nimrod is described in such a way that he appears to possess characteristics attributed to Tammuz (Dumuzi/Dumuzid), and sometimes Osiris. Was Tammuz a sheperd that reigned for nearly 40,000 years, a fisherman (fisher-of-men) that reigned for 100, or indeed the son (also consort) by virgin birth of/to Innana (Ishtar)? Once again, Tammuz, Abraham and Christ – conflated.

1 Eber, too, is thought to have allied himself with Nimrod in his rebellion against the builders of the Tower, and like Nimrod, was rewarded, not with empire, but with the original tongue of man. Aside: The descendants of Eber/Heber, are thought to be the Hebrews.

2 or was Nimrod but the grandson of Naram-Sin, Sargon, who was a builder and mason, responsible for the excavation of the pit of Babylon?

My takeaway: The Old Testament, the Talmud, the History of Prophets and Kings, the Hungarian Legends, the Targum, the Cave of the Treasures, ad infinitum (perhaps elaborate successional forgeries based upon 4th millennium BC Sumerian tablets), all describe a single performance with a rotating and preeminently disposable cast, altered regularly to serve the will of whomever presided at court. What is more, only quasi-literal/hyper-allegorical interpretations of the holy books and legends may be drawn when read in languages other than Hebrew, as the numerical value of words is excised in translation — dim allegories are preserved, but no longer may ciphers (e.g. GMTRIA, Gematria; NVTRIQVN, Notariqon; and ThMVRH, Temura…) be reliably applied to the texts. The lingering symbology, alone, is not enough.

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